Addiction Definitions from 6 Leaders in the field  have been gathered here for you to compare and contrast.  

 

 Addictiondefinition.com highlights "The BioPsychoSocial Perspective" as proposed by Dr. Gabor Mate

 

After more than a decade of working with the most chronic cases on the lower east side of Vancouver Canada, Dr. Mate no longer asks "Why the substance"; He instead asks "Why the Pain?"

THE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE

  In his eye opening workshop on addiction, DR. Gabor Mate offers a logical, yet provocative perspective.  He asserts that addiction is not a choice, not a disease, but a condition that encompasses a person's biology, environment, and the events in a person's life.,  Watch it now.

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ADDICTION MEDICINE SAYS:

"Addiction is a treatable chronic medical; disease involving complex interactions among brain circuits, genetics, the environment, and an individuals life experiences.  People with addiction use substances or engage in behaviors that become compulsive and often continue despite harmful consequences."

https://www.asam.org/resources/definition-of-addiction

THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOC.

STATES THAT ADDICTION IS:

"A complex condition, a brain disease that is manifested by compulsive substance use despite harmful consequence. People with addiction (severe substance use disorder) have an intense focus on using a certain substance(s), such as alcohol or drugs, to the point that it takes over their life."

https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/addiction/what-is-addiction

12 STEP GENERAL DEFINITION OF ADDICTION

 

"In  its most generalized understanding, the 12 Step fellowships define addiction and alcoholism as a threefold illness: a physical allergy, a mental obsession and a spiritual malady.

marylandaddictionrecovery.com

DSM 5 CRITERIA/ADDICTION

"Substance use disorders span a wide variety of problems arising from substance use, and cover 11 different criteria:

  1. Taking the substance in larger amounts or for longer than you meant to.

  2. Wanting to cut down or stop using the substance but not managing to.

  3. Spending a lot of time getting, using, or recovering from use of the substance.

  4. Cravings and urges to use the substance.

  5. Not managing to do what you should at work, home, or school because of substance use.

  6. Continuing to use, even when it causes problems in relationships.

  7. Giving up important social, occupational, or recreational activities because of substance use.

  8. Using substances again and again, even when it puts you in danger.

  9. Continuing to use, even when you know you have a physical or psychological problem that could have been caused or made worse by the substance.

  10. Needing more of the substance to get the effect you want (tolerance).

  11. Development of withdrawal symptoms, which can be relieved by taking more of the substance.

  12. https://www.verywellmind.com/dsm-5-criteria-for-substance-use-disorders-21926

PSYCHOLOGY TODAY SAYS:

"A person with an addiction uses a substance, or engages in a behavior, for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeat the activity, despite detrimental consequences. Addiction may involve the use of substances such as alcohol, inhalants, opioids, cocaine, and nicotine, or behaviors such as gambling."

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/addiction

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